Both NALA and NFPA offer professional certification exams, which should not be confused with a paralegal certificate offered by an officially accredited college or university. While paralegals work independently most of the time, the paralegal profession is a people-oriented profession. Paralegals may work in teams with one or more lawyers, paralegals and legal administrative assistants and communicate with clients, witnesses and court staff. NALP`s mission is to consolidate and expand its position as the leading professional organization for professional assistants not only in the legal profession, but also in commerce, industry and the private and public sectors, and will strive to ensure adequate recognition of its members as an integral part of the legal profession through the quality of their qualifications. Professional development and standards of conduct and their regulatory powers established for its members. It will encourage, promote and develop the role and practice of paralegals and represent the interests of its members. In some regions, legal records assistants advertise as paralegals. Many states, including Florida, have enacted laws or attorney rules requiring anyone who calls themselves a paralegal to work under the supervision of a licensed attorney.  This rule would prohibit persons working as “independent paralegals” from using the title “paralegals”. Paralegals perform substantive and procedural legal work, as permitted by law, that would be performed by a lawyer in the absence of the paralegal. Paralegals have legal knowledge acquired through their education or training and work experience, which qualifies them to perform legal work. Paralegals adhere to accepted ethical standards and rules of professional responsibility. In response, prosecutors appointed a public protection committee to review the Los Angeles Bar Association`s application.
Then, “in 1988, the Public Protection Committee unanimously recommended that the California legislature completely repeal the state`s UPL laws. It also concluded that independent paralegals should be allowed to provide all types of legal services as long as they are registered with a state authority and disclose their non-lawyer status to all clients. After many local bar associations reacted with dismay, “the California Bar Association appointed a third group (the Legal Engineers Commission) to revisit the issue. The commission largely agreed with the findings of its predecessors and recommended that non-lawyers be allowed by the California Supreme Court to provide legal services in several key areas (bankruptcy, family, immigration, and landlord-tenants) under a licensing system overseen by an independent state agency.  In Eoin Colfer`s book The Supernaturalists, paralegals are lawyers who act as mercenaries to arrest and then prosecute offenders for the person or a broader company that hired them. Diamond Girl (1998), a harlequin TV movie, stars a humble paralegal as the main character in love with her playboy, a tennis lawyer. This is the only reason for the company`s success. When his brother (also a lawyer) returns to save the family cellar, a love triangle ensues, in which the paralegal is the object of the affection of both men. Probably the most famous is Erin Brockovich, a real trainee lawyer whose involvement in a toxic crime case has become a major film. In the film Eagle Eye (2008), starring Shia LaBeouf and Michelle Monaghan, Monaghan plays a single mother who works as a paralegal.
 Paralegals are prevented from exercising their independence and are prohibited from providing even basic legal advice to consumers. In her book Access to Justice, Stanford law professor Deborah Rhode notes, “More than four-fifths of lawyers surveyed supported prosecuting lay practitioners, and the profession has repeatedly blocked licensing proposals that would allow independent paralegals to provide routine services. Many local, state, and national bar associations have recently launched initiatives to broaden the definition, increase penalties, and strengthen enforcement of prohibited practice prohibitions.  The original concept of paralegals in the United Kingdom began in the mid-1980s with the Paralegal Association (now the National Association of Licensed Paralegals). The Institute of Paralegals is the oldest recognised professional body for paralegals in the UK, setting standards of competence for paralegals and legal secretaries, providing legal qualifications and support, representing and promoting paralegals. The increased use of paralegals has slowed the rise in the cost of legal services and serves to a small extent (in combination with contingency fees and insurance) to keep the cost of legal services within the reach of the ordinary population. However, one commentator warned that “our profession is making a serious mistake if it only uses paralegals as economic tools.”  Different professional associations offer different definitions of a paralegal. A paralegal is a qualified person employed by a lawyer, law firm, corporation or agency that specifically performs delegated substantive legal work. To be certified as a paralegal, a person must complete the voluntary certification process by developing a certain level of competence. In the United States, the American Bar Association (ABA) endorsed the paralegal concept in 1967 and established its first legal assistant committee in 1968.
Due to a lack of measures, it is not known how many paralegals there are in the United Kingdom. The Office of National Statistics and the Register of Standard Occupational Classification estimate that there are currently 76,000 “associate lawyers” with intermediate qualifications. A study published in 2014 by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR) predicts that this number will increase by 17% over the next decade.  In addition, it is estimated that there are close to 4,000 publicly registered or regulated paralegals who provide services that would previously have been provided only by lawyers. [ref. Indeed, most legal work in the UK is deregulated and therefore nothing prevents anyone from opening their own law practice.  USA Network`s “Suits” features a young paralegal named Rachel, played by Meghan Markle, who assists a young aspiring lawyer in various investigations and the like. She is a highly respected member of the firm and is considered an aid to many of its employees. Rachel`s desire to become a lawyer one day is one of the main stories of the series. As a paralegal, she lives between a lot of appreciation for her hard work and a constant reminder (both to herself and others) that she is not a “real” lawyer after all.
Pamela Packard, paralegal and member of the American Association for Paralegal Education, articulated the attributes with other experienced Oregon paralegals and Charlotte DesHotels, LSU`s paralegal program coordinator, with input from William Goren and Sally Dahlquist, Inver Hills Community College. In Japan, the institution of the judicial clerk (司法書士, shihō shoshi) exists and functions in the same way as paralegals. Scriveners perform legal work above the secretary level but below the lawyer level, and may be affiliated with a law firm or operate independently. Scriveners may represent clients in some low-level cases, but not at later stages of litigation. As with lawyers in Japan, scribes are regulated and must pass an exam. As a professional non-profit organization established by guarantee, it was founded in 2003. The UK government granted them institutional status in 2005, with the support of the Law Society of England & Wales, the Bar Council, Citizens Advice and the Crown Prosecution Service, among others, all of which recognised the need for the developing paralegal profession to have a representative body. [ref. needed] This development resulted in some paralegals being forced to abandon the title of Paralegal for Legal Document Assistant (LDA) to administer legal services directly to the public in areas authorized under California Bus & Prof. Code § 6400.
Paralegals who are members of professional associations are also bound by the professional associations` codes of conduct, several of which contain sections requiring members not to provide legal services directly to the public without the supervision of a lawyer or law firm.  In the United States, a paralegal is protected from some form of professional liability because paralegals work as an extension of a lawyer who ultimately assumes responsibility for supervising the work and results of the paralegal`s work. Paralegals often took a prescribed set of courses in law and legal processes. Paralegals may analyze and summarize statements, prepare and respond to interrogations, draft procedural motions and other routine briefs, conduct legal research and analysis, write research notes, and manage cases and projects. Paralegals often prepare much of the paperwork in probate cases, divorce proceedings, bankruptcies and investigations.